What is

What are

Competency Mapping


Competency Mapping is the process of identifying and defining the skills, knowledge, abilities, and behaviors required for successful performance in a specific role or job. It involves assessing and mapping the competencies needed to achieve individual and organizational goals.

Why is Competency Mapping important?

Competency Mapping is important for several reasons:

  • It helps organizations align job roles and requirements with desired performance outcomes.
  • It assists in identifying skill gaps and development needs within the workforce.
  • It facilitates effective talent management, including recruitment, training, and performance management.
  • It promotes fair and objective performance evaluations and career progression.
  • It supports succession planning and identifies potential leaders within the organization.
  • It enhances workforce planning and resource allocation by matching competencies to organizational goals.

How is Competency Mapping conducted?

Competency Mapping is typically conducted through the following steps:

  • Job analysis: Gather information about job roles, responsibilities, and performance expectations.
  • Identify core competencies: Determine the essential competencies required for successful performance in the job.
  • Assess competency levels: Evaluate employees' current competency levels through assessments, interviews, or performance reviews.
  • Identify skill gaps: Compare desired competencies with current competencies to identify areas for improvement.
  • Develop competency framework: Create a competency framework that outlines the required competencies for the job role.
  • Implement development plans: Design and implement training and development programs to address skill gaps.
  • Monitor and evaluate: Regularly review and assess employees' competency levels and provide feedback and support.

What are the types of competencies considered in Competency Mapping?

Competencies can be broadly categorized into three types:

  • Core competencies: These are the essential competencies required for successful performance across various job roles within the organization.
  • Functional competencies: These competencies are specific to a particular job or function and are directly related to technical skills and knowledge.
  • Behavioral competencies: These competencies refer to the behaviors, traits, and attitudes that contribute to effective performance, such as communication, teamwork, leadership, and problem-solving skills.

How can Competency Mapping be used in talent management?

Competency Mapping plays a crucial role in talent management by:

  • Assisting in recruitment and selection: Mapping competencies helps identify the desired skills and behaviors for a specific job role and ensures the right candidate fit.
  • Guiding training and development: Identifying skill gaps through Competency Mapping helps design targeted training and development programs.
  • Supporting performance management: Competency Mapping provides a framework for objective performance evaluations and setting performance goals.
  • Enabling career development: Mapping competencies helps employees understand the skills and behaviors required for career progression and identify areas for growth.
  • Facilitating succession planning: Competency Mapping identifies high-potential employees and supports succession planning by aligning competencies with future leadership requirements.