A Backlog in Agile refers to a prioritized list of tasks, user stories, or features that need to be completed. It serves as a dynamic repository of work that the team plans to address in future iterations or sprints.
Factors for Prioritization:
Techniques for Prioritization:
The specific prioritization approach may vary depending on the organization, project, and team preferences. It's important to involve stakeholders, product owners, and the development team in the prioritization process to ensure alignment and consensus.
Backlogs are managed and maintained by regularly reviewing and updating them. This involves adding, modifying, or removing items based on changing requirements, customer feedback, and team input. Backlog grooming sessions or refinement meetings are conducted to ensure that the Backlog is well understood, refined, and ready for upcoming iterations.
Effort or size estimation of Backlog items is typically done using techniques such as story points, planning poker, or relative sizing. The team collectively estimates the effort or complexity of each item in comparison to a reference item. This helps in understanding the relative size of Backlog items and assists in planning and forecasting future work.